Glossary

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Termsort descending Description
ICSM

Intergovernmental Committee on Surveying and Mapping

ICT

Information and Communication Technology

identifier

a label for a feature instance, vocabulary term, monitoring site, or other information object which uniquely identifies it within some known scope

IHO

International Hydrographic Organisation

IMOS

Integrated Marine Observing System

information architecture

see architecture

information class

a set of information objects with sufficiently similar characteristics that they may be dealt with in a common way within a system

information model

a formalised description of the logical structure and semantics of one or more information classes and their relationships; may be controlled by a domain authority

information platform

a network of components, datasets, and standardised services that together provide advanced data discovery and data access functionality, and on which value-added applications may be developed

information viewpoint

an architecture viewpoint focusing on the semantics of information and information processing within the system

infrastructure

see information platform

ingest

to load (possibly after transformation) source data into a database according to a defined schema

INSPIRE

Infrastructure for Spatial Information in European Community (EC Directive 2007/2/EC)

Integration

the combining of multiple components or datasets to provide greater functionality or analytical insight

Integration index

a component in the information platform providing a database of relationships between objects from different information classes (e.g., monitoring sites, environmental geographies, observing methods)

Interface

see web interface or service interface

Interoperability

the ability of two or more systems or components to exchange information and to use the information that has been exchanged

IP

Intellectual Property

ISO

International Organisation for Standardization

ISO-19115-1

defines the schema required for describing geographic information and services by means of metadata. It provides information about the identification, extent, quality, spatial and temporal aspects, content, spatial reference, portrayal, distribution, and other properties of digital geographic data and services

ISO-19135

Procedures for Registration of Geographic Items. This standard articulates: the use of registers (or lists); registries (the systems that manage these lists); defined roles to establish and manage registers; and a registration process to manage the registration of items.

ISO/TC 211 Geographic information/Geomatics

responsible for the ISO geographic information series of standards.

IT

Information Technology

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