Glossary

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Termsort descending Description
sampling feature

a geographic feature arising as an artefact of a sampling strategy in environmental monitoring (e.g., a station, transect, profile)

schema

a formalised description of the physical structure of an information object

SDI

spatial data infrastructure, a coordinated technical and organisational infrastructure supporting data discovery, data access, and use of federated geo-referenced datasets

SDM

Systems Development and Maintenance Section, within the Bureau of Meteorology.

security

the application of technical mechanisms to protect information where necessary from unauthorised access, modification, use, etc.

selection

a filter based on constraining a result set through filter criteria

Selenium

is for automating web applications for testing purposes

semantic web

a globally interlinked graph of data and information based on web protocols and the 'Resource Description Framework' (RDF) W3C standard

sensitivity

property of a monitoring site restricting full and open availability of its site metadata

sensor

a device for measuring a physical parameter

sensor system

a hardware and software system associated with one or more related sensors

sensor web

an interconnected network of sensor systems and data access services

sensorML

Sensor Markup Language is an approved OGC standard for modelling and encoding sensor descriptions, including both static and dynamic platforms, and both in-situ and remote sensors

service

an electronic, network-accessible system providing access to defined operations

service interface

a set of one or more operations provided by a service, logically grouped together

service metadata

metadata describing essential aspects of a service, to facilitate use of the interfaces provided; usually conforming to ISO 19115

service provider

the supplier of a service to be made available for use through the infrastructure

SIGB

SecretariesÕ ICT Governance Board

SIMS

Services Information Management System

SISS

Spatial Information Services Stack

SISSVoc

SISS Vocabulary Service defines a standard interface through which standard vocabularies can be provided to web users

site metadata

metadata describing essential aspects of a monitoring site

site type

the type of a monitoring site within a suitable classification scheme

SKOS

Simple Knowledge Organisation System, a W3C standard for representation of thesauri, classification schemes, taxonomies, subject-heading systems, or any other type of structured controlled vocabulary

SLIP

Shared Location Information Platform

SoapUI

is an open-source web service testing application for service-oriented architectures (SOA) and representational state transfers (REST). Its functionality covers web service inspection, invoking, development, simulation and mocking, functional testing, load and compliance testing.

solution architecture

an architecture domain concerned with the detailed description of discrete components required for a specific business operation, project, or system

SOS

Sensor Observation Service

spatial analysis

calculation of geospatial relationships (containment, adjacency, overlap, etc.) between geo-referenced information objects

spatial data infrastructure

a coordinated technical and organisational infrastructure supporting data discovery, data access, and use of federated geo-referenced datasets

species taxonomy

a hierarchical classification of biological organisms on the basis of shared properties

SQL

Structured Query Language

SRO

Senior Responsible Officer (within the Prince2 Project/Programme methodology)

standards

agreed technical specifications developed by a standards body for any aspect of an information system; key standards bodies include ISO, OGC, W3C, and OASIS

Statistical Data and Metadata Exchange

an initiative to foster standards for the exchange of statistical information

STDM

Bureau of Meteorology job title for Superintendent Data Management

STEI

Bureau of Meteorology job title for Superintendent Environmental Information

style

a named rendering convention that may be applied to a map layer

system

deployed information technology that provides defined business functions and services

system architecture

see architecture

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