Monitoring sites

Selected NEMSR networks shown on NEII data viewer

Monitoring Sites

The National Environmental Monitoring Sites Register

The National Environmental Monitoring Sites Register (NEMSR) provides a consolidated view of Australia's environmental monitoring sites. It brings together a diverse range of networks across environmental domains, including seismic monitoring stations, ocean radars, long-term weather observation sites, flux stations, and ground cover reference sites. Other nationally-important networks are coming soon.

Users can select one or more networks and display them through the data viewer. Clicking on a site shows its location, site metadata and provides a link to the data itself. NEMSR can also be accessed programmatically through the endpoints listed here.

The NEMSR is a core component developed under the National Environmental Information Infrastructure (NEII).  When combined with other NEII components (such as the metadata catalogue and web data services) NEMSR provides a richer way to discover information across environmental domains.

What are environmental monitoring sites?

Environmental monitoring sites are locations where aspects of the environment are observed, enabling the monitoring of change through time. They are common across most environmental domains and use a variety of observational methods including fixed in-situ automated instrumentation (e.g. rainfall and temperature gauges), human observations (e.g. botanical and fauna surveys) and mobile instrumentation (e.g. Argo floats).

Observations from monitoring sites are fundamental for understanding environmental change, predicting future states, and examining cause-and-effect relationships. There are many important monitoring networks across Australia, with some networks forming part of broader international monitoring programmes.

Which sites are included?

Environmental monitoring sites in the NEMSR should meet the following general criteria.

  1. The sites are a product of operational monitoring programmes thus sites, data and user support are readily available.
  2. The observational data that the monitoring sites point to are publicly accessible in an electronic format.
  3. Monitoring methods and protocols are well described to enable re-use of data.

Contributing to the register

The NEII Programme is working with partners through the NEII Reference Group to identify and on-board further monitoring sites. Additional monitoring sites can be registered in the NEMSR by contacting the NEII Programme at environment@bom.gov.au. Guidelines for preparing data using the NEMSR information model and data exchange format are available here. Prospective contributors are encouraged to consult these pages to better understand the technical requirements for contributing monitoring site data.  

NEMSR working group

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